The ‘Rabaa sign’ has become the symbol of protests against the military coup in Egypt and the center of the anti-coup protests, Rabaa al-Adawiya Square. Made by raising four fingers with the thumb resting on the palm, the sign has come to represent civilian demonstrations protesting the ouster of Egypt’s first democratically elected president Mohamed Morsi and the ensuing violence that killed hundreds of people.
Rabaa means four or fourth in Arabic. Just a few hours before the massacre on August 14, anti-coup protesters in Egypt were struggling to voice their demands to the world by raising their four fingers.
Rabaa al-Adawiya Square is now as famous as Tahrir Square in Cairo due to the resistance it hosted by hundreds of thousands of protesters for more than two months. Last week, the square witnessed some of the worst atrocities against civilians in recent years.
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan also flashed the Rabaa sign during a rally of his Justice and Development (AK) Party on Saturday in the northwestern province of Bursa.
Turkey has emerged as one of the fiercest critics of the July 3 ouster of Morsi by the powerful Egyptian military. Ankara has described Wednesday’s violent crackdown on two major anti-coup sit-ins in Cairo’s Rabaa and Giza’s Nahda squares as a “massacre”.
In Saturday’s rally in Bursa, the Turkish premier accused Egypt’s coup leaders of “state terrorism”.
Growing popularity Rabaa al-Adawiya Square was named after a religious woman called Adawiya. Since Adawiya was the fourth child of the family, the Arabic adjective rabaa was affixed to her name.
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The significance of the name is said to come from Adawiya’s struggle for freedom all her life. Now with the anti-coup protests, the meaning of this name has given birth to a new symbol.
Anti-coup protesters use the Rabaa sign both as a reference to the name of the square and to distinguish themselves from pro-coup protesters in Tahrir Square, which prefer the internationally popular “V sign” for victory or peace.
The Rabaa sign has gradually risen in popularity in Egypt during the protests and eventually come to be used as often as the V sign The anti-coup protesters say that the Rabaa sign, besides being the symbol of demonstrations, carries some other meanings as well.
It obviously refers to the square, and distinguishes it from Tahrir Square that housed the supporters of the military coup. But the sign also refers to the deposed president as the fourth president of Egypt after Nasser, Sadat and Mubarak.
The 40 percent of economy of egypt has been frozen within the military complex. The coup was to bring up the Muslim Brotherhood against Hosni Mubarak and now against Dr. Morsi because to satisfy one agenda ‘the conspiracy theory’ that has leaked into the world that serve the ‘Zen’ a term given to economy runners who are just the few moneyhands who want to block every economic cycle, they were successful in UK, USA and Europe, while having their roots and tentacles spread within the arab spring. The 3 percent affluents who have long dominated the wall street, now need to satisfy their legtimacy of bringing world to equilibrium and after 190 syrians dying everyday, next target will be strengthening communism in army of China and Meji restoration in japanese monarchy which again serves the political agenda of the theorists.