This article covers everything you need to know about obtaining Naya Pakistan Certificates (NPCs) by covering the most Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs).
Naya Pakistan Certificates (NPCs) are USD and PKR denominated high-interest yielding sovereign investment certificates issued by the Government of Pakistan for Foreign Currency Value Account holders (FCVA) and Pakistani Rupee Value Account holders (NRVA).
NPCs offer attractive risk-free returns over different maturities. They are available in both conventional and Shariah compliant versions and administered by the State Bank of Pakistan.
Naya Pakistan Certificates (NPC) is a fixed income security offered digitally by Government of Pakistan under NPC Rules 2020 framed under Public Debt Act, 1944. It is a sovereign security denominated in US Dollars, and Pak Rupees issued with full faith and credit of the Government of Pakistan. The NPCs are available in five maturities, namely, 3-month, 6-month, 12-month, 3-year and 5-year, and carry following profits rates on NPCs of different tenors:
USD Denominated NPCs
PKR Denominated NPCs
Q.2: What is Profit Payment Frequency?
The profit on 3-month, 6-month and 12-month NPCs shall be payable on maturity, whereas the profit on 3-year and 5-year shall be payable to the investors on semi-annual basis.
Q3: Is investment in NPCs Safe and Guaranteed by Government?
Yes! NPCs are sovereign instruments, issued with full faith and credit of the Government of Pakistan.
Q4: Who can invest in NPC?
Non-resident Pakistanis having National Identity Card for Overseas Pakistanis (NICOP) or Pakistan Origin Card (POC ), and resident Pakistanis having declared assets abroad, are eligible to invest in NPCs through Foreign Currency Value Account (FCVA) and Non-Resident Pakistanis Rupee Value Account (NRVA) account being marketed by agent banks as Roshan Digital Accounts (RDAs). Opening a Roshan Digital Account with one of the 8 agent banks is a pre-requisite for investment in NPCs.
Q5: Can a minor invest or co-invest in Naya Pakistan Certificate (NPC)?
Yes, a minor can invest in NPCs provided he/she meets the eligibility criteria mentioned in Q4 above. The parent, or the guardian shall operate all the transactions on behalf of the minor until the age of maturity, i.e. eighteen (18) years of age.
Q6: What is the minimum and maximum investment limits for NPC?
The amount of Investment in UD and PKR denominated certificate is as under:
US Dollar Denominated CertificatesMinimum investment of USD 5,000 with integral multiples of USD 1,000 with no maximum limit
PKR Denominated CertificatesMinimum investment of PKR 100,000 with Integral multiples of PKR 10,000 with no maximum limit.
Q7: Is Premature Encashment of NPC Permissible?
Yes! Premature encashment of NPCs is permissible. The investors can redeem his/her investment fully or partially, before the maturity date. Premature encashment proceeds shall be calculated at the rate of return equivalent to the return of the nearest shorter maturity of Certificates. For example, an investor of a 12-month NPC withdraws his/her investment in the 8th month of holding, in this case, he/she will be entitled to profit for the period up to date of premature encashment, fixed at the rate of return applicable on 6-month NPCs.
However, no profit shall be paid in case of encashment of certificates before completion of 3 (three) months. Moreover, partial encashment leading to lowering the minimum investment allowed in NPCs (i.e. USD 5,000 or PKR 100,000) shall not be allowed.
Q8: Which are the Agent Banks for Sale of NPCs?
Currently following 8 banks have been engaged by the Government of Pakistan for sale and marketing of NPCs:
Bank Al-Falah Limited.
Faysal Bank Limited.
HBL Bank Limited.
MCB Bank Limited
United Bank Limited.
Meezan Bank Limited
Samba Bank Limted.
Standard Chartered Bank (Pakistan) Limited.
The investors can open Roshan Digital Account in any of these banks for investment in NPCs. State Bank of Pakistan shall notify any addition/change in the above list of agent banks as and when new banks are added by GOP as agent banks.
Q9: Can an investor having FCY RDA in other than USD invest in USD denominated NPC?
Yes! If an investor is maintaining his/her FCY RDA in any approved foreign currency with agent banks, he/she can invest in USD denominated NPCs. In such cases, the agent bank shall debit the investors’ account by an amount equivalent to the amount of investment requested in USD denominated NPCs by applying the exchange rate prevailing at the time of execution of the transaction.
Q10: In which account the investors will get the funds on maturity/premature encashment or periodic Coupons
The funds on maturity, on premature encashment, and the periodic coupon payments (where applicable), will be credited in the investor’s RDA only.
Q11: Whether NPCs are subject to Zakat deduction?
No! NPCs are exempt from zakat deduction as per the NPC Rules, 2020.
Q12: Whether return on NPCs are subject to tax deduction?
Yes! The return/profits on NPCs are subject to 10 percent withholding tax as full and final settlement of tax liability on NPC profits. The non-resident investors are also not required to file any tax return if their only source of income in Pakistan is profits earned on NPCs.
Q13: Are NPCs Pledge-able as Security/Collateral to Obtain loans in Pakistan?
Yes! As per the NPC Rules, 2020, the Certificates cane be pledged e as security for raising financing in Pakistan subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by SBP.
Q14: Are NPCs transferable?
No! The NPCs are non-transferable except, if required under the relevant laws.
Q15: What will happen to the investor’s funds in case of his/her death?
In case of death of an investor, the payment (principal and profit, if any), will be made to the legal heirs of the deceased investor in accordance with the succession certificate or equivalent documentation in accordance with the law for the time being in force.
Q16: Does the investor needs to visit Pakistan for encashment of NPCs?
No! The investor can invest, and redeem the NPCs digitally by visiting the web portals of his/her respective agent bank.
Q17: Are NPCs also available in Shariah Compliant Version
Yes! The Shariah version of NPCs i.e. Islamic NPC (INPCs) are also available!
Q18: What is the Shariah structure of INPCs?
The INPCs are being issued under the Shariah Structure notified by Finance Division Government of Pakistan under NPC Rules 2020. An SPV namely Islamic NPC Company Limited (INPCCL) has been registered with SECP as a fully Government of Pakistan (GOP) owned entity. The SPV is collecting funds from Investors on Mudaraba basis and providing the funds so collected from investors to GOP on Ijarah (Leasing) basis. The Shariah structure has been approved by Shariah Advisory Committee of SBP. Further, Shariah Advisor of SPV will provide Shariah advice/guidance on ensuring Shariah compliance in execution of INPCs and its operational matters. The full Shariah structure notified by Finance Division GOP can be seen at (web link of Shariah Structure).
Q19: What are the Expected Rates of Return on INPCs?
The expected rate of return on INPCs of different tenors are the same as being offered on conventional NPCs i.e. 5.5 to 7 percent on USD denominated INPCs and 9.5 to 11 percent on PKR denominated INPCs. There is, however, no guarantee that INPCs will be remunerated on these rates as profits on INPCs will be paid based on the actual results of USD and PKR pools being managed by SPV for issuing the INPCs. The Profit Sharing ratio between SPV as Mudarib and Investors as Rabbul Maal and weightages for different tenors of INPCs have also been notified by SPV and will be updated on monthly basis.
Q 20: Is premature encashment of INPCs Permissible?
Yes! The INPCs can be encashed premature but after one month of investment. The INPCs encashed after one month but before 3 months will be remunerated based on the actual return of the Mudaraba pool. The SPV will however purchase the INPCs from investors at a discounted price based on the redemption table to be notified by SPV. The INPCs encashed after three months shall be remunerated based on the weightages applicable to the nearest completed tenor INPCs. Example: If a 36-month INPC is prematurely encashed before 12 months, the profit shall be calculated based on the weightages applicable to six month INPCs, whereas, the weightages applicable on 12-month INPCs shall be used if redeemed after 12-months. The coupon payments earlier made based on the higher weightages, shall be adjusted by applying appropriate discount on the purchase price to ensure that the investor earns profits based on the weightages of the nearest completed tenor.